Brad Duncan published IcedID (Bokbot) from fake Microsoft Teams page earlier this week. In this video I take a closer look at the PCAP file in that blog post.
Note: This video was recorded in a Windows Sandbox to minimize the risk of infecting the host PC in case of accidental execution of a malicious payload from the network traffic.
As I have previously pointed out, IcedID sends beacons to the C2 server with a 5 minute interval. According to Kai Lu’s blog post A Deep Dive Into IcedID Malware: Part 2, this 5 minute interval is caused by a call to WaitForSingleObject with a millisecond timeout parameter of 0x493e0 (300,000), which is exactly 5 minutes.
In the research paper
Thawing the permafrost of ICEDID
Elastic Security Labs confirm that IcedID's default polling interval is 5 minutes. They also mention that this interval is configurable:
Once initialized, ICEDID starts its C2 polling thread for retrieving new commands to execute
from one of its C2 domains.
The polling loop checks for a new command every N seconds as defined by the
g_c2_polling_interval_seconds global variable. By default this interval is 5 minutes, but one of
the C2 commands can modify this variable.
The IcedID trojan uses a custom BackConnect protocol in order to interact with victim computers through VNC, a file manager or by establishing a reverse shell. There was no IcedID BackConnect traffic in this particular PCAP file though, but several other IcedID capture files published on malware-traffic-analysis.net do contain IcedID BackConnect traffic. For more information on this proprietary protocol, please see our blog post IcedID BackConnect Protocol.
Fake Microsoft Teams download page
- URL: hxxp://microsofteamsus[.]top/en-us/teams/download-app/
- MD5: 5dae65273bf39f866a97684e8b4b1cd3
- SHA256: e365acb47c98a7761ad3012e793b6bcdea83317e9baabf225d51894cc8d9e800
- More info: urlscan.io
- Filename: Setup_Win_13-02-2023_16-33-14.exe
- MD5: 7327fb493431fa390203c6003bd0512f
- SHA256: 68fcd0ef08f5710071023f45dfcbbd2f03fe02295156b4cbe711e26b38e21c00
- More info: Triage
IcedID payload disguised as fake gzip file
- URL: hxxp://alishabrindeader[.]com/
- MD5: 8e1e70f15a76c15cc9a5a7f37c283d11
- SHA256: 7eb6e8fdd19fc6b852713c19a879fe5d17e01dc0fec62fa9dec54a6bed1060e7
- More info: IcedID GZIPLOADER Analysis by Binary Defense
IcedID C2 communication
- IP and port: 18.104.22.168:443
- DNS: treylercompandium[.]com
- DNS: qonavlecher[.]com
- X.509 certificate SHA1: b523e3d33e7795de49268ce7744d7414aa37d1db
- X.509 certificate SHA256: f0416cff86ae1ecc1570cccb212f3eb0ac8068bcf9c0e3054883cbf71e0ab2fb
- JA3: a0e9f5d64349fb13191bc781f81f42e1
- JA3S: ec74a5c51106f0419184d0dd08fb05bc
- Beacon interval: 5 minutes
- More info: ThreatFox
Network Forensics Training
Check out our upcoming live network forensics classes for more hands-on network forensic analysis. Our current class material doesn’t include any IcedID traffic though, instead you’ll get to investigate C2 traffic from Cobalt Strike, TrickBot, njRAT, Meterpreter and a few others.
Posted by Erik Hjelmvik on Wednesday, 15 February 2023 10:52:00 (UTC/GMT)