Ethical Export Policy

Software from Netresec is not subject to national export control. However, we acknowledge that our software could potentially be used by repressive regimes to spy on their own citizens. We have therefore created this Ethical Export Policy, which aims at preventing repressive regimes from obtaining our software. In short, we practice “know your customer” (as recommended by EFF) and strictly deny sales to the countries on the “Export Deny List” below.

Export Deny List

Country EU UN Freedom
House
WGI EIU Other
Afghanistan EU UN
Algeria -1.04
Angola 2.65
Azerbaijan FH 12 -1.49 2.94
Bahrain FH 6 -1.41 1.76
Bangladesh FH 12
Belarus EU FH 10 -1.40 2.06
Burundi -1.71 2.35
Cambodia FH 13 -1.20 2.06
Cameroon -1.19 2.35
Central African Republic EU UN -1.20 2.35
Chad -1.42 2.35
China [1] EU FH 0 -1.61 1.18 MITM of GitHub, Google, Yahoo, iCloud and outlook.com
Democratic Republic of the Congo EU UN -1.37 0.88
Republic of the Congo -1.26
Cuba FH 7 -1.42 2.94
Djibouti -1.41 2.35
Egypt EU FH 5 -1.43 1.76
Equatorial Guinea -1.86 1.47
Eritrea -2.19 1.18
Ethiopia FH 12 -1.05 2.35
Gabon -1.03
Guinea 2.65
Guinea-Bissau 2.35
Iran EU FH 3 -1.37 1.47
Iraq EU UN 1.18
Kazakhstan FH 11 -1.21 Nationwide SSL MITM
Laos / Lao DPR -1.80 0.59
Lebanon EU UN
Libya EU UN -1.46 2.65
Morocco FH 15
Myanmar / Burma EU FH 11 2.35
Nicaragua -1,08
North Korea EU UN -2.19 0.00
Oman -1.14
Pakistan FH 7
Qatar -1.29
Russia EU FH 8 -1.10
Rwanda FH 14 -1.08 2.65
Saudi Arabia FH 5 -1.62 1.47
Somalia EU UN -1.84
South Sudan EU UN -1.97
Sudan EU UN FH 10 -1.64 1.47
Swaziland -1.32
Syria EU FH 3 -1.98 0.00
Tajikistan -1.83 0.88
Thailand FH 7
Turkey FH 11 2.35
Turkmenistan -2.13 0.59
United Arab Emirates (UAE) FH 7 -1.12 2.65
Uzbekistan FH 8 -1.61 0.88
Venezuela EU FH 10 -1.41 2.65
Vietnam FH 4 -1.38 2.35
West Bank and Gaza -1.01
Yemen EU UN -1.77 0.88
Zimbabwe EU FH 15 -1.14

[1] Including Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau

Sources

We rely on several different sources in our assessment regarding what countries to put on our Export Deny List.

European Union (EU)
The European Union’s Restrictive measures (sanctions) in force presents a list of countries for which EU require restrictive measures in economic or financial relations. All countries with an arms embargo or "ban on exports of equipment for internal repression" are put on our Export Deny List.

EU list updated April 2021 based on ISP

United Nations Security Council (UN)
The UN Security Council impose sanctions and/or more targeted measures such as arms embargoes, travel bans, financial or diplomatic restrictions. All countries with UN arms embargoes are put on our Export Deny List.

UN list updated April 2021 based on ISP

Freedom House
Freedom House is an independent watchdog organization that speaks out against the main threats to democracy and empowers citizens to exercise their fundamental rights. Freedom House produces a yearly report called Freedom on the Net (October, 2020), which evaluates the degree of internet freedom around the world based on barriers to access, limits on content, and violations of user rights. All countries with a score of 15 or less in the “Violations of User Rights” category in this study are added to our Export Deny List. The numbers appearing in the Freedom House column of our Deny List is the “Violations of User Rights” score for each respective country.

The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI)
The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) is a research dataset summarizing the views on the quality of governance provided by a large number of enterprise, citizen and expert survey respondents in industrial and developing countries. These data are gathered from a number of survey institutes, think tanks, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, and private sector firms. Countries with a governance estimate below -1.00 in the “Voice and Accountability” category of the most recent WGI (September 2020) are added to our Export Deny List. The “Voice and Accountability” value reflects perceptions of the extent to which a country's citizens are able to participate in selecting their government, as well as freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media.

Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)
The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) Democracy Index provides a snapshot of the state of democracy worldwide for 165 independent states and two territories. One of the indicators tracked by the EIU is "Civil Liberties", which roughly includes the freedom of conscience, freedom of press, freedom of religion, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, the right to security and liberty, freedom of speech, the right to privacy, the right to equal treatment under the law and due process, the right to a fair trial, and the right to life. All countries with a "Civil Liberties" indicator score below 3.0 are added to our Export Deny List. EIU list updated April 2021 based on Democracy Index 2020.

Other
We at Netresec maintain an additional list of countries that we for various reasons do not sell our software to.